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Litha (LITH-ah) (Also: Midsummer’s Eve, St. John's Day) is the name of the Summer Solstice used in many Neo-Pagan traditions. It occurs in the Northern Hemisphere on or about June 21. In Wicca and some other forms of Neo-Paganism the Summer Solstice is considered to be an excellent time to work magick especially Solar and men's magick. In most Wiccan traditions in the Northern Hemisphere Litha marks the point during the year when the God/Sun is symbolically at the height of his power. The Summer Solstice is the longest day and the shortest night of the year and is the start of the summer season. [1]

Associations and Customs[]

In Wicca Litha is celebrated with rituals for community, career, relationships, Nature Spirit communion, planetary wellness. Some of the customs associated with Litha are; building bonfires, processions, all night vigils, singing, feasting, and celebrating with others. It is associated with the colors yellow and gold, bonfires, the Sun wheel, Earth circles of stone, and the energies of partnership. [2]

Name Origin[]

There several competing claims that the origin of this name is of ancient decent. However it appears that the real origin might well be from J. R. R. Tolkien's Lord of the Rings Trilogy where the Hobbit Calendar calls Midsummer's Day Lithe. [3]


  1. Cunningham, Scott, Wicca: A Guide for the Solitary Practitioner, Saint Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1988. [ISBN 0-87542-118-0 (PB)]
  2. Circle Sanctuary website/Holidays. http://www.circlesanctuary.org/pholidays/
  3. Greer, John Michael, New Encyclopedia of the Occult, Saint Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 2005 [ISBN 1-56718-336-0 (PB)]